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Towards a Critical Edition of the Metaphysics of Avicenna

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Commentaries

Last update: 18 May 2016


Ms. Iran, Tehran, Kitābḫānah-i Maǧlis-i Shūrā-yi Millī (now: Kitābḫānah-i Maǧlis-i Shūrā-yi Islāmī = Parliament Library), Ṭabāṭabāʾī 865

For abbreviations, see Legenda and Bibliography

 

Commentaries on the Ilāhiyyāt (X-XIV/XVI-XX)

 

Ġiyāṯ al-Dīn Manṣūr ibn Muḥammad Ḥusaynī Daštakī Šīrāzī (d. 948H/1542)

Šifāʾ al-qulūb (glosses on Ilāhiyyāt I.1-6)

Šifāʾ al-qulūb, ed. Amir Ahari, in Ganǧine-ye Bahārestān (A Collection of 18 Treatises in Logic, Philosophy, Theology, and Mysticism), Vol. I, cur. ʿAlī Awǧābī, Tehran 1379Hš/2000, pp. 184-276 (based on mss. Tehran, Dānišgāh 6921/9 and Tehran, Maǧlis, 611/9).

Šifāʾ al-qulūb, in Muṣannafāt-i Ġiyāṯ al-Dīn Manṣūr-i Ḥusaynī-i Daštakī-i Šīrāzī, ed. ʿA. Nūrānī, Tehran 1386Hš/2007, vol. II, pp. 375-487 (cf. vol. I, p. 110) (based on mss. Tehran, Dānišgāh 6921/9, Tehran, Maǧlis, 611/9, and a ms. of the private collection Rawḍāti in Isfahan).

Šifāʾ al-qulūb, in Šifāʾ al-qulūb wa-Taǧawhur al-aǧsām, ed. ʻAlī Awǧābī, Kitābḫāna, Mūza wa Markaz-i Asnād-i Maǧlis-i Šūrā-i Islāmī, Tehran 1390Hš/2012, pp. 1-132 (based on mss. Tehran, Dānišgāh 6921/9 and Tehran, Maǧlis, 611/9).

Excerpts in Ibn Sīnā 2004

Mss: Istanbul, Süleymaniye, Carullah 1445; Tehran, Dānišgāh 6921/9 (XI/XVII c.); Tehran, Maǧlis, 611/9 (1097H) (three other Iranian mss recorded in D, vol. VI, p. 1207).

 

Ibrāhīm Ibn Ḥusayn Ḥasanī (commentary written before 1020H/1611-2)

Unmūḏaǧaʾi Ibrāhīmiyya, Taʿlīqāt ʿalā Ilāhiyyāt al-Šifāʾ wa-l-Naǧāt

Mss: Tehran, Maǧlis, 17; Tehran, Maǧlis 109 (1020H/1611-2; see D, vol. II, p. 214).

 

Muḥammad Bāqir ibn Muḥammad Dāmād Ḥusaynī Istarābādī (Mīr Dāmād) (950-1041H/1542-1631)

Glosses in Ibn Sīnā 1885 (siglum: m ḥ q) and Ibn Sīnā 2004 (excerpts).

Mss: Dublin, Chester Beatty, Ar. 3112 (foll. 1-17) (Catalogue Arberry, vol. I, p. 45); Mashhad, Āstān-i Quds-i Razavī, 5662; Tehran, Dānišgāh, Miškāt 242; Tehran, Maǧlis 1898 (siglum: m ḥ q).

 

Aḥmad Ibn Zayn al-ʿĀbidīn Ḥusaynī ʿAlawī ʿĀmilī Isfahānī (Mīr Sayyid Aḥmad) (d. between 1054-1060H/1644-1650)

Miftāḥ al-Šifāʿ wa-l-ʿurwa al-wuṯqà fī šarḥ Ilāhiyyāt al-Šifāʾ, or Minhāǧ al-Šifāʾ fī l-ilāhiyyāt (commentary on Ilāhiyyāt I-X)

Two long excerpts are published in Ashtiyani-Corbin 1975, pp. 12-29, 87-117 (comments on Ilāhiyyāt IX.7, p. 423.4-12, on eschatology; and on Ilāhiyyāt VIII.6, p. 358.1-2, 10-11, 14-15, and VIII.7, p. 362.18, on God’s knowledge). English translation, by M. Fakhry, of Ashtiyani-Corbin 1975, pp. 12-29, 87-96, in Nasr-Aminrazavi 2015, pp. 264-282.

Glosses in Ibn Sīnā 1885 (see "Sayyid Aḥmad student of Mīr Damād", p. 266, gloss at the bottom of page) and in Ibn Sīnā 2004 (excerpts). According to Ashtiyani-Corbin 1975, p. 152, n. 7 (French Introduction), and p. 12, n. b (Arabic text), the glosses in Ibn Sīnā 1885 are taken from the aforementioned commentary. M records commentary and glosses under two distinct entries (p. 173, nr. 3 and nr. 12).

Mss: Isfahan, Central Library of Isfahan University 889; Tehran, Maǧlis 1787 (in the guard leaf, wrongly first attributed to Aqā Ḥusayn, and then corrected), 1788; Tehran, Millī 975; Patna, Khudā Bakhsh, vol. XXI, 2229 of the catalogue (see M, p. 173, nr. 3). A ms. of the work is mentioned by Ashtiyani-Corbin 1975, p. 8 of the French introduction, as present in the Department of Iranology of the French-Iranian Institute of Research.

 

Ṣadr al-Dīn Muḥammad Ibn Ibrāhīm Šīrāzī (Mullā Ṣadrā) (979-1050H/1571-1640)

Commentary on Ilāhiyyāt I-VI

Al-Taʿlīqāt li-Ṣadr al-Mutaʾallihīna Muḥammad Ibn Ibrāhīm Ṣadr al-Dīn al-Širāzī ʿalā l-Šifāʾ, in Ibn Sīnā 1885, vol. II, pp. 2-264.

Ṣadr al-Dīn Muḥammad Shīrāzī (Mullā Ṣadrā, 979-1050Hq), Šarḥ va-Taʿlīqat Ṣadr al-mutaʾallihīna bar Ilāhiyyāt-e Šifāʾ-e Šayḫ al-raʾīs Abū ʿAlī ibn Sīnā, 2 vols, ed. and annot. by Najafqulī Ḥabībī, under the direction of Muḥammad Khamane’ī, Intishārāt-e Bunyād Ḥikmat Islāmī Ṣadrā, Tehran 1382Hš/2003.

Commentary on Ilāhiyyāt I-II in Ibn Sīnā 2004, pp. 1-248 (edition facing the text of the Ilāhiyyāt, based on mss Qum, Marʿašī, 1686; Tehran, Dānišgāh, Miškāt 327; Tehran, Dānišgāh, 14476; Tehran, Maǧlis, 13232; plus an uncatalogued Tehran Maǧlis ms.; and Ibn Sīnā 1885).

Other mss: Patna, Khudā Bakhsh Oriental Public Library (Bankipur), vol. XXI, 2227-8 of the catalogue, vol. XL, 3466, 3468-9; Peshawar, Dār al-ʿUlūm al-Islāmiyya, nr. 1674 in catalogue Lubāb al-Maʿārif al-ʿilmiyyat Maktabat Dār al-ʿUlūm al-islāmiyya, p. 314; Tashkent, Berunii Instituti, 3909; Tehran, Maǧlis, 919; Tehran, Millī, 1477, 9579 (38 Iranian mss in D, vol. IV, pp. 308-9).

 

Muḥammad Bāqir Ibn Muʾmin Sabzawārī Iṣfahānī (1018-1090H/1609-1680)

Glosses in Ibn Sīnā 2004 (excerpts).

Mss: Tehran, Dānišgāh, Miškāt 263; Tehran, Dānišgāh, Miškāt 1016; Qum, Masǧid Aʿẓam, 2081 (XII-XIII/XVIII-XIX c.) (5 other Iranian mss in D, vol. IV, p. 309).

 

Mīr Muḥammad Maʿṣūm Ibn Faṣīḥ al-Ḥaqq Ḥusaynī Qazwīnī (d. 1091H/1680-1)

Ms.: Qum, Marʿašī, 3716/2, foll. 21v-77r (see Nāǧī Iṣfahānī 2004, p. 99, nr. 46; D, vol. IV, p. 309).

 

Ḥusayn Ibn Muḥammad Ḫwānsārī (1016-1099H/1607-1687)

1) First series of glosses: Āqā Ḥusayn Ḫwānsārī, Ḥāšiyat ʿalà l-Šifāʾ (al-Ilāhiyyāt), ed. Ḥ. Nāǧī Iṣfahānī, Tehran 1999.

Excerpts in Ibn Sīnā 2004

Mss: Isfahan, Dānišgāh, 921; Tehran, Maǧlis, 121, 942, 1782, 1783, 4329, 10209; Tehran, Dānišgāh, Miškāt 264; Tehran, Millī, 874, 20229 (18 other Iranian mss in D, vol. IV, p. 310).

2) Second series of glosses (super-glosses in response to al-Sabzawārī's glosses)

Mss: Tehran, Maǧlis, 10112; Qum, Marʿašī, 13454; Qum, Masǧid Aʿẓam, 2081 (XII-XIII/XVIII-XIX c.) (see D, vol. IV, p. 310).

 

Sayyid ʿAlī Ibn Muḥammad Ibn Asad Allāh Imāmī Iṣfahānī (XI-XII/XVII-XVIII c.), allegedly descendant of ʿAlī ʿUrayḍī, son of Imām al-Ṣādiq

Persian translation and commentary of Ilāhiyyāt I-VIII, incorporating the Arabic text.

Mss.: (1) Tabriz, Ṯiqat al-Islām, 7 (1078H/1667-8, or 1087H/1676-7); (2) Tehran, Dānišgāh, Miškāt 251 (1084H/1673-4; copyist: ʿAbd al-Ẓahīr Ibn al-Maʿṣūm; cf. ʿAbd al-Ẓahīr Ibn Maʿṣūm Karahrūdī, copyist of ms. Khoy, Madrasa-i Namāzī 623 [1083H/1672], q.v.; in the cover pages, the author is portrayed as student of Āqā Ḥusayn Ibn Muḥammad al-Ḫwānsārī, 1016-1099H/1607-1687 [q.v.]; on fol. 2v, last line, there is a reference to Mīr Damād); (3) Tehran, Dānišgāh, 9081 (1087H/1676-7); (4) Tehran, Maǧlis, 1912 (beginning of XII/XVIII c.); (5) Tehran, Maǧlis, 1840/2 (no date).

On mss. (1)-(3), see D, vol. VI, p. 1202; on mss. (1)-(2), (4)-(5), see Dānišpazūh 1985, p. 95 (D dates ms. (1) to 1078H; Dānišpazūh dates it to 1087H). D, vol. VI, pp. 1202-1203, records mss. (4)-(5) as witnesses of an anonymous translation plus commentary different from translation 2). M, p. 174, records ms. (1) as witness of an anonymous translation. On ms. (5), see also Fihristgān: nusḫahʾhā-yi ḫaṭṭī-i Īrān (Fanḫā), Union Catalog of Iranian Manuscripts, ed. M. Dirāyatī, Sāzmān-i Asnād va Kitābḫānah-i Millī-i Ǧumhūrī-i Islāmī-i Īrān, vol. XXI, Tehran 1390Hš/2011, p. 80.

In Nāǧī Iṣfahānī 2004, pp. 59 nr. 66, 83-84, 100 nr. 66, 128, this author is named Sayyid ʿAlī al-ʿUrayḍī Darab Imāmī (XI/XVII c.) (a forthcoming edition of the translation/commentary is announced, pp. 59, 100)

 

Šāh Qiwām al-Dīn Ḥamza Ibn ʿAlī Nassāba Šīrāzī (fl. XI/XVII c.)

Commentary on Ilāhiyyāt I.1-II.2 (p. 65.16 of Cairo ed.)

Excerpts in Ibn Sīnā 1885 and Ibn Sīnā 2004 (cp. ms. Maǧlis 1237, p. 25, linn. 14-15, and ms. Āstān Quds 5662, p. 2, second gloss on the left, linn. 7-8, with Ibn Sīnā 1885, p. 268, interlinear text between linn. 18-19, and with Ibn Sīnā 2004, p. 12, excerpt nr. 40, linn 5-6; in Nāǧī Iṣfahānī 2004, pp. 81-2, 126, the author is identified with Muḥammad Qawwām al-Dīn al-Sayfī al-Qazwīnī, d. 1150H/1737-8)

Mss: Mashhad, Āstān Quds, 5662 (1082H/1671); Tehran, Dānišgāh, 6921, foll. 1v-61r; Maǧlis 1237, pp. 1-303 (four other mss in D, vol. IV, pp. 309-10).

 

ʿAlī Ibn Faḍlallāh Ǧīlānī (alive in the XI/XVII c.)

Tawfīq al-taṭbīq (commentary on Ilāhiyyāt X)

ʿAlī Ibn Faḍlallāh al-Ǧīlānī, Tawfīq al-taṭbīq fī iṯbāt anna l-šayḫ al-raʾīs min al-Imāmiyya al-Iṯnā ʿAšariyya, ed. M. M. Ḥilmī, Dār iḥyāʾ al-kutub al-ʿarabiyya, Cairo 1953.

 

Muḥammad Yūsuf Rāzī (Mullā Awliyāʾ) (XI-XII/XVII-XVIII c.)

Glosses in Ibn Sīnā 1885, and Ibn Sīnā 2004 (excerpts).

 

Ismāʿīl Ibn Muḥammad Bāqir Ḫātūnābādī (d. 1116H/1704)

Ilāhiyyāt V.8-

Ms.: Tehran, Ilahiyyat, 594 (see D, vol. IV, p. 311).

 

Allāma Sulaymān Māḥwazī Baḥrānī (Mullā Sulaymān) (1065-1121H/1654-1710)

Glosses in Ibn Sīnā 1885, and Ibn Sīnā 2004 (excerpts).

 

Bahāʾ al-Dīn Muḥammad Ibn al-Ḥasan Iṣfahānī (Fāḍil Hindī) (d. 1137H/1724–5)

ʿAwn iḫwān al-ṣafāʾ ʿalà fahm Kitāb al-Šifāʾ (abridgment of the Šifāʾ )

Part regarding Ilāhiyyāt I-II in Ibn Sīnā 2004, pp. 261-296, 471-485.

 

Āqā Muḥammad Bīdābādī (d. 1198H/1783-4)

Glosses in Ibn Sīnā 2004 (excerpts).

Mss: Mashhad, Āstān Quds, 5662 (1082H/1671).

 

Mullā Muḥammad Mahdī ibn Abī Ḏarr Narāqī Kašānī (d. 1209H/1795)

Commentary on Ilāhiyyāt I-II.2 (p. 64.6-7 of Cairo ed.)

Part regarding Ilāhiyyāt I.1-5 in Mahdī ibn Ḏarr al-Narāqī, Šarḥ al-Ilāhiyyāt min Kitāb al-Šifāʾ, ed. M. Mohaghegh, Tehran 1365Hš/1986.

Overall commentary in Mahdī ibn Abī Ḏarr al-Narāqī, Šarḥ Ilāhiyyāt al-Šifāʾ 1-2, ed. Ḥ. Nāǧī Iṣfahānī, Tehran 2001.

Excerpts in Ibn Sīnā 2004.

Mss: Khwansar, Fāḍil al-Khwānsarī, 25; Qum, Iḥyāʾ Mīrāt, 112; Tehran, Dānišgāh, 3551; Tehran, Maǧlis, 2709, 11338; Tehran, Muʾassasa, 3, 114 (see D, vol. VI, pp. 804-5).

Another commentary, in verses, is recorded in Narāqī 1986, p. 28.

 

Muḥammad Ḥusayn Ibn ʿAbd al-Bāqī Ḫātūnābādī Iṣfahānī (d. 1233H/1817-8)

Commentary on Ilāhiyyāt IX-X

Ms.: Qum, Marʿašī 4838 (see D, vol. IV, p. 311)

 

Mīrzā Abū al-Ḥasan Ibn Muḥammad Ǧilwa Ṭabāṭabāʾī (d. 1314H/1896)

Glosses on the Ilāhiyyāt in ms. Tehran, Maǧlis 10198 (1070H/1659-60), pp. 201-438 (see D, vol. IV, p. 311). Two annotations in the guard leaves at the beginning of this manuscript state that this codex was corrected by Ǧilwa, who used it for his teaching of philosophy in 1314H, and that the glosses that do not bear indication of their authors (the names of al-ʿAlawī, Mullā Awliyāʾ, and others, are visible) are by Ǧilwa himself. The first part of the ms., containing the fifth section of Logic, presents a much smaller number of marginalia.

Glosses on the Natural Philosophy of the Šifāʾ in ms. Tehran, Miškāt 241 (1075H/1664-5) (see M, p. 171, n. †). The glosses on four chapters of the first section of Natural Philosophy (chapters I.2, I.6, I.8, and II.8) have been edited in Maǧmūʿat Āṯār Ḥakīm Ǧilwa, ed. Hasan Rezazadeh, Muʾassasat Intišārāt Ḥikma, Tehran 1385Hš [= 2006], pp. 309-342.

 

ʿAbd al-ʿAẓīm Ibn ʿAlīrḍā al-Ḥusaynī Iṣfahānī (XIII/XIX c.)

See Fihristgān: nusḫahʾhā-yi ḫaṭṭī-i Īrān (Fanḫā), Union Catalog of Iranian Manuscripts, ed. M. Dirāyatī, Sāzmān-i Asnād va Kitābḫānah-i Millī-i Ǧumhūrī-i Islāmī-i Īrān, vol. XXI, Tehran 1390Hš/2011, p. 58.

 

Ṭāhir Ibn Faraǧ Allāh Tunikābunī (1280/1863-4-1360/1941)

Glosses on the Ilāhiyyāt

Mss.: Tehran, Maǧlis 1898 (glosses marked by “Ṭ” = Ṭāhir); Tehran, Millī 3843 (see D, vol. IV, p. 311).

 

ʿAbd Allāh Anwār (1303Hš/1924-5-)

Unpublished glosses to the text of the Cairo ed. (in Persian)

 

Muḥammad Taqī Miṣbāḥ Yazdī (1313Hš/1934-)

Šarḥ Ilāhiyyāt Šifāʾ, ed. ʿAbd al-Ǧawād Ibrāhīmī-far, Intišārāt Muʾassasat Amūzišī wa-Paǧūhišī Imām Khomeyni, 3 vols, Qum 1386-7Hš [= 2007-8] (in Persian)

 

Further items in Āmulī 1997-8, pp. 5-6; Ḥabībī 2003, pp. 9-15; Nāǧī Iṣfahānī 2004, pp. 54-58, 96-100

 

 

Super-Commentaries 

 

Āqā ʿAlī Mudarris Ṭihrānī (Zunūzī) (1234-1307H/1818-1889)

Commentary on Ṣadr al-Dīn Muḥammad Ibn Ibrāhīm Šīrāzī (Mullā Ṣadrā)'s commentary (see above)

See Nasr-Aminrazavi 2015, p. 473.